Palazzolo Acreide is a baroque town of Greek origins, situated in the area of Hyblaean Mountains, not too distant from the river Anapo and the Necropoli Rupestre of Pantalica. It was designed as World Heritage Site by the UNESCO together with the Val Di Noto. Furthermore, the town is among the most beautiful historical towns in Italy selected by the travel guide Borghi più belli d’Italia.
In 664 B.C., Syracusans established Akrai on the hill dividing Anapo and Tellaro valleys. Before being targeted by the Syracusans, this area was chosen by the Sicels to erect a village around the 12th century.
Numerous dominations came in successions throughout the centuries: Romans, Byzantines, Arabs and eventually Normans. As a result, the town has various denominations: Akrai, Acre, Balansul, Placeolum or Palatioli and, eventually, Palazzolo to which was added, at a later stage, the patronymic Acreide.